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Sabine Pass Liquefaction Project

Sabine Pass Liquefaction, LLC, a subsidiary of Cheniere Energy Partners, L.P., is developing natural gas liquefaction facilities at the Sabine Pass LNG receiving terminal located in Cameron Parish, Louisiana adjacent to the existing regasification facilities. The Sabine Pass site can readily accommodate up to six liquefaction trains capable of processing over 3.5 Bcf/d of natural gas. The production capacity of each LNG train is being designed for approximately 4.5 mtpa. The 853-acre Sabine Pass site is strategically situated to provide LNG export services given its large acreage position, proximity to unconventional gas plays in Louisiana and Texas, its interconnections with multiple interstate and intrastate pipeline systems, and its premier marine access less than 4 miles from the Gulf Coast. The trains are being developed in three stages, with stages including Trains 1&2, Trains 3&4 and Trains 5&6.

Sabine Pass Liquefaction - Artist Rendition (Trains 1 - 6)

Cheniere estimates that construction of the liquefaction capacity is comparable to expansion economics, since the Sabine Pass LNG terminal already has many of the facilities required for an export terminal. Sabine Pass Liquefaction will have access to the existing infrastructure, including five storage tanks and two berths at the Sabine Pass terminal, as well as Cheniere Partner’s 94-mile Creole Trail Pipeline, which is being reconfigured to reverse the flow of natural gas, making it a bi-directional pipeline.  

Construction commenced on Trains 1&2 in August 2012. Construction commenced on Trains 3&4 in May 2013. The first LNG train is expected to produce LNG in late 2015, with the remaining three LNG trains being completed on a 6-9 months staggered basis thereafter.

December 2014 Aerial View of Construction Progress (Trains 1 - 4)

For the first four LNG trains, 16 of the 18 mtpa has been contracted to third party, foundation customers on a long-term FOB basis under sale and purchase agreements (SPAs). Foundation customers include BG Group, Gas Natural Fenosa, KOGAS and GAIL. Train 5 has been contracted with foundation customers Total and Centrica. Any excess capacity not sold under long-term SPAs to foundation customers is available for Cheniere Marketing to purchase as described under its SPA. Services under the SPAs include procuring the natural gas, liquefying the natural gas and loading LNG onto the customer’s vessels.

There are expected to be up to four pipelines directly connected to the terminal. Natural gas supply will be received from these pipelines that will be interconnected with interstate and intrastate pipelines upstream of the terminal. Cheniere Partners owns the Creole Trail pipeline, which is currently being reconfigured to reverse the flow of natural gas. Cheniere is securing capacity on the other main pipelines under long-term agreements. Natural gas supply is being purchased from producers and marketers on a short and long-term basis in order to balance the portfolio of natural gas feedstock.

Access to Gas Supply

Cheniere’s Sabine Pass LNG facility in Cameron Parish, Louisiana, is ideally situated to capitalize on continued unconventional gas development.  The Gulf Coast and Midcontinent regions contain five of the six major US shale plays, including the Barnett, Haynesville, Woodford, Fayetteville/Arkoma, and Eagle Ford, and three of the largest tight-sands plays, including the East Texas, Anadarko and Gulf Coast plays.  The natural gas productive capacity in this region therefore represents a major portion of current and future U.S. production. Advanced Resources International, in a report commissioned for Cheniere's DOE filing, states that in 2010 about half of U.S. unconventional productive capacity (nearly 19 Bcfd) was sourced from the Gulf Coast/Mid-Continent corridor.

A number of large-diameter interstate pipelines have been built in recent years to connect these emerging unconventional basins to major gas market hubs, particularly in the Perryville area of northeastern Louisiana.  The Sabine Pass LNG Terminal can deliver to and potentially receive natural gas from eleven interstate and intrastate pipeline systems in the Gulf Coast.  These pipelines will allow Sabine Pass and its customers to purchase and receive gas from the emerging unconventional basins, as well as the historically prolific Gulf Coast Texas and Louisiana onshore gas fields.

U.S. Gas Pipeline System